The minimal photounit of the photosynthetic membranes of the purple non-sulphur bacterium Rhodospirillum rubrum, comprising the reaction centre and the light-harvesting complex has been purified and crystallised in two dimensions in the presence of added phospholipids, and subsequently visualised by electron microscopy after negatively-staining. The position of the reaction centres within the light-harvesting ring has been determined at low resolution by the application of a new analysis for rotationally disordered identical units (here the reaction centres) within a two-dimensional crystalline lattice comprised of perfectly aligned unit cells (here the light-harvesting complexes). The reaction centre was found to preferentially occupy one of four orientations within the light-harvesting complex. The light-harvesting complex appears to be distorted to C4 symmetry, thus assuming a squarish shape when visualised by negative staining. A tentative structural model of the reaction centre-light-harvesting complex photounit which fits the experimental data is proposed.