Regulation of peroxiredoxin expression versus expression of Halliwell-Asada-Cycle enzymes during early seedling development of Arabidopsis thaliana

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

During early seedling development of oil seed plants, the transition from lipid based heterotrophic to photoautotrophic carbohydrate metabolism is accompanied with a biphasic control of the chloroplast antioxidant system. In continuous light, organellar peroxiredoxins (Prx) and thylakoid-bound ascorbate peroxidase (tAPx) are activated early in seedling development, while stromal ascorbate peroxidase (sAPx), Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase-2 (Csd2) and monodehydroascorbate reductase (MDHAR) and the cytosolic peroxiredoxins PrxIIB, PrxIIC and PrxIID are fully activated between 2.5 and 3 days after radicle emergence (DARE). Discontinuous light synchronized the expression of chloroplast antioxidant enzymes, but defined diurnally specific typeII-Prx-patterns in the cytosol and initiated chloroplast senescence around 2.5 DARE. Carbohydrate feeding uncoupled sAPx expression from the light pattern. In contrast, sucrose-feeding did not significantly impact on Prx transcript amounts. It is concluded that upon post-germination growth Prxs are activated endogenously to provide early antioxidant protection, which is supported by the Halliwell–Asada-Cycle, whose expressional activation depends on metabolic signals provided only later in development or in day-night-cycles.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles