High school athletes’ self-determined motivation: The independent and interactive effects of coach, father, and mother autonomy support

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Abstract

Objectives:

The purpose of the study was to examine the independent and interactive influences of athletes’ perceptions of autonomy support from their coaches, fathers, and mothers on the athletes’ self-determined motivation.

Design:

Cross-sectional survey.

Method:

High school athletes (N = 335; M age = 15.75 years; 62.4% female; 84.2% Caucasian) completed surveys assessing the constructs of interest near the end of their season.

Results:

Hierarchical regression analysis results showed that autonomy support from all three social agents significantly and positively predicted self-determined motivation (R2 = 0.32), and the two- and three-way interactions significantly added to the prediction (total R2 = 0.35). Results showed that a relatively high level of self-determined motivation was associated with the perception that at least two of the three social agents provided high levels of autonomy support.

Conclusions:

The provision of autonomy support from coaches, mothers, and fathers relate to athletes’ self-determined motivation both independently and interactively.

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