The purpose of the study was to examine the independent and interactive influences of athletes’ perceptions of autonomy support from their coaches, fathers, and mothers on the athletes’ self-determined motivation.Design:
High school athletes (N = 335; M age = 15.75 years; 62.4% female; 84.2% Caucasian) completed surveys assessing the constructs of interest near the end of their season.Results:
Hierarchical regression analysis results showed that autonomy support from all three social agents significantly and positively predicted self-determined motivation (R2 = 0.32), and the two- and three-way interactions significantly added to the prediction (total R2 = 0.35). Results showed that a relatively high level of self-determined motivation was associated with the perception that at least two of the three social agents provided high levels of autonomy support.Conclusions:
The provision of autonomy support from coaches, mothers, and fathers relate to athletes’ self-determined motivation both independently and interactively.