Perfectionism and changes in athlete burnout over three months: Interactive effects of personal standards and evaluative concerns perfectionism


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Abstract

Objectives:A recent longitudinal study with junior athletes (Madigan, Stoeber, & Passfield, 2015) found perfectionism to predict changes in athlete burnout: evaluative concerns perfectionism predicted increases in burnout over a 3-month period, whereas personal standards perfectionism predicted decreases. The present study sought to expand on these findings by using the framework of the 2 × 2 model of perfectionism (Gaudreau & Thompson, 2010) to examine whether evaluative concerns perfectionism and personal standards perfectionism show interactions in predicting changes in athlete burnout.Design:Two-wave longitudinal design.Method:The present study examined self-reported evaluative concerns perfectionism, personal standards perfectionism, and athlete burnout in 111 athletes (mean age 24.8 years) over 3 months of active training.Results and conclusion:When moderated regression analyses were employed, interactive effects of evaluative concerns perfectionism × personal standards perfectionism were found indicating that personal standards perfectionism buffered the effects of evaluative concerns perfectionism on total burnout and physical/emotional exhaustion. To interpret these effects, the 2 × 2 model of perfectionism provides a useful theoretical framework.HIGHLIGHTSWe examined personal standards (PCP) and evaluative concerns perfectionism (ECP).Burnout in 111 athletes was measured twice over 3 months of training.The 2 × 2 model of perfectionism served as the analytic framework.PSP and ECP showed a significant interaction in predicting changes in burnout.PSP buffered the incremental effect that ECP had on burnout.

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