Effects of lab- and field-based attentional training on athletes' attention-window

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Abstract

Objectives:

Visual attention is essential in sport performance, especially in fast paced team sports. Different game situations demand simultaneous attention to multiple, spatially separated objects/processes. But up till now, there is still a lack of appropriate training programs to optimize the athletes' attention-window.

Design and method:

Two intervention studies were implemented to examine the change of the attention-window's size of semi-professional team athletes and individual athletes through training in the lab (Study 1) and field (Study 2).

Results:

The results of both studies demonstrate a positive effect of computer-based cognitive training in the lab and team training in the field on the expansion of athletes' attention-window. Athletes showed an equal improvement of attentional performance caused by training in the lab and field.

Conclusions:

The findings provide important insights for training measures/programs and basic knowledge on general cognition and attentional research.

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