Anxiety problems of university students often differ from classic phobias in the variety of antecedent stimuli and the nature and prevalance of cognitive activity. Due to such differences and to the value students place on self-control, cognitive strategies are often useful in anxiety management training. It is important to determine in assessment the variety of situations that produce anxiety and the extent to which ruminations are involved. The goals of cognitive anxiety management training are for the client to learn to identify early signals of anxiety, to analyze his own cognitive activity, and to refocus his attention away from anxiety-producing thoughts. Roleplaying, covert rehearsal and homework assignments involving the techniques can help reshape cognitive responses to uncomfortable situations.