COMPARING PROFESSIONAL AND LAY EXPECTATIONS OF PSYCHOTHERAPY1

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Abstract

ABSTRACT

Mental health professionals whose primary duties involved psychotherapy were compared with a sample of laypersons to determine similarities and differences in their expectations of psychotherapy. Differences between the two groups were found in: degree of expected change, importance of self in problem-solving, financial emphasis, and expected duration of psychotherapy. Similarities were found in socio-environmental areas and in emphasis on the early years of life. Laypersons tended to appreciate the active role of the client in psychotherapy, and viewed therapists as experts in problem-solving.

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