This article examines a potential gender bias in short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy, namely, the implicit relationship between separation and psychological development in treatment. It proposes that brief psychodynamic psychotherapy is modeled after classic developmental theory where separation is the marker of development. Research in the past two decades has indicated that while separation may be essential for male development, continuity of connection is critical for female development. Since brief therapy does not allow for the continuity of connection, it does not integrate an important aspect of the female developmental and relational experience into the treatment. An extended model of psychotherapy, which utilizes a limited number of therapy sessions but provides more of an ongoing therapeutic relationship, is proposed as an alternative for women patients who need both time and continuity of connection for self-development.