MEASURING MOTIVATION TO CHANGE: AN EXAMINATION OF THE UNIVERSITY OF RHODE ISLAND CHANGEASSESSMENT QUESTIONNAIRE (URICA) IN AN ADOLESCENT SAMPLE

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Abstract

The primary purposes of this study were (a) to explore thedescriptive statistics and psychometric properties of the University of RhodeIsland Change Assessment Questionnaire (URICA) with an adolescentsample, and (b) to determine if cluster analyses of the URICAdata could organize the adolescent participants into distinct subgroupsrepresenting various degrees of overall involvement in change. The URICAwas administered to 89 adolescent patients admitted to a private psychiatricfacility. The URICA was scored, standardized, and subjectedto reliability, descriptive, correlational, and clusteranalyses. Participants responded similarly to the URICA as did previousadult samples, and the coefficient alphas for each of the four scales ofthe URICA (Precontemplation, Contemplation, Action, and Maintenance) revealed that each scale has adequate internalconsistency. Cluster analyses organized the participants into clinicallymeaningful groups that were concordant with the transtheoretical model ofchange. Results indicate that the URICA can be used to increaseunderstanding and facilitate empirical investigation of motivation to change inadolescents.

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