Development and Validation of the Refugee Trauma Experience Inventory

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This article reports the development and validation of a new self-report measure, the Refugee Trauma Experience Inventory (RTEI). This scale was designed to assess refugees' traumatic experiences. The RTEI was administered to 226 Tibetan refugees (113 men and 113 women) residing in India. Principal-components analysis generated 3 factors—Survival Trauma, Ethnic Concern, and Deprivation-Uncertainty. Three subscales and the Total scale showed high internal consistency. The factors derived from this scale correlated moderately to strongly with theoretically related constructs such as intrusion, avoidance, rumination, and posttraumatic schema changes, namely negative cognitions about the self and world and self-blame, thus endorsing the RTEI's convergent validity.

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