Phase I Dose-Escalation Study of Weekly Paclitaxel and Cisplatin Followed by Radical Hysterectomy in Stages IB2 and IIA2 Cervical Cancer
To define the optimal dose of paclitaxel combining cisplatin, as weekly neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for early-stage bulky squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix.Methods:
A prospective trial was conducted for International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stages IB2 and IIA2 cervical squamous cell carcinoma patients with magnetic resonance imaging or positron emission tomography-defined lymph node negative. Weekly fixed-dose cisplatin (40 mg/m2) and 4-level dose escalation of paclitaxel (50, 60, 70, 80 mg/m2) for 3 courses was given and followed by radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection (RH-PLND) 14 to 28 days later. Postoperative adjuvant therapy was tailored according to pathologic response.Results:
No dose-limiting toxicity occurred. Twelve subjects were enrolled without reaching maximum tolerated dose, nor was any RH-PLND procedure delayed for >2 weeks. Pathologic response rate was 50% (complete in 2 and partial in 4). Paclitaxel dose level seemed unrelated to pathologic response. No subjects had grade ≥3 acute adverse events. Seven patients (58.3%) received postoperative radiotherapy or chemoradiation. Patients with human papillomavirus 16-negative tumor and aged 55 years and older had marginally higher risk (100%) of adjuvant radiotherapy or chemoradiation after NAC than those with human papillomavirus 16-positive or age less than 55 (P=0.081). With a median follow-up of 45.5 months, all 12 patients remained alive without disease.Conclusions:
Weekly paclitaxel and cisplatin NAC for 3 courses can be tolerated with excellent short-term outcome. With the caveat of small number of patients, this study supports future phase II trials of weekly paclitaxel and cisplatin NAC for 4 to 5 cycles.