Does faecal diversion prevent morbidity after ileocecal resection for Crohn's disease? Retrospective series of 80 cases.
After ileocecal resection for Crohn's disease, a temporary faecal diversion is indicated in high-risk patients. The impact of a temporary stoma on post-operative morbidity has been poorly assessed so far. The aim was to analyse post-operative morbidity of temporary faecal diversion after ileocecal resection for Crohn's disease.METHODS
Patients undergoing temporary faecal diversion combined with ileocecal resection were retrospectively included. Patients presenting with complications were compared with patients with an uneventful post-operative course, to identify any predictive factor for morbidity.RESULTS
Eighty faecal diversions were performed (43 males, 33.5 (18-75) years), including 63 split stoma (79%) and 17 covering loop ileostomies (21%). Fifty-two patients (65%) presented with a perforating disease. Post-operative complications occurred in 15 patients (19%), 15 days after surgery (1-30). The main complications were intra-abdominal abscess (n = 6), functional renal failure (n = 6), fistula (n = 2) and stomal prolapse (n = 2). Two patients required surgery. Previous bowel resections (60% versus 28%, P = 0.01) were significantly associated with post-operative morbidity.CONCLUSIONS
Temporary faecal diversion is useful in high-risk patients after ileocecal resection for Crohn's disease. Patients' information about post-operative risks remains an important issue. Risk factors for post-operative morbidity despite faecal diversion are previous bowel resections.