Teduglutide-Stimulated Intestinal Adaptation Is Complemented and Synergistically Enhanced by Partial Enteral Nutrition in a Neonatal Piglet Model of Short Bowel Syndrome

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Abstract

Background: Teduglutide, a glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) analogue, is available for long-term use by parenteral nutrition (PN)–dependent adults to promote intestinal adaptation but is not approved for use in pediatric patients. The objective of this study was to assess teduglutide-stimulated induced intestinal adaptation, potential synergies with partial enteral nutrition (PEN), and distinct temporal markers of adaptation in a neonatal piglet model of short bowel syndrome (SBS). Materials and Methods: Neonatal piglets (48 hours old; n = 72) underwent an 80% jejunoileal resection and were randomized to 1 of 4 treatment groups, in a 2 × 2 factorial design, with PN or PEN (80% standard PN/20% standard enteral nutrition) and teduglutide (0.1 mg/kg/d) or control. Piglets received nutrient infusions for 4 hours, 48 hours, or 7 days. Results: Teduglutide improved (P < .05) mucosal surface area (villus height: duodenum, jejunum, ileum; crypt depth: ileum, colon; proliferation: duodenum, jejunum, ileum; colon; apoptosis: jejunum, ileum, colon) and acute nutrient processing capacity (glucose: duodenum, jejunum, ileum; glutamine: duodenum, jejunum). These effects were complemented and synergistically enhanced by PEN in both site and timing of action. Structural adaptations preceded functional adaptations, but crypt depth remained a strong indicator of adaptation, regardless of time. Conclusions: The combination of teduglutide and PEN enhances intestinal adaptation beyond that of either therapy alone.

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