Factors Associated With Discharge After Initial Emergency Treatment of Pediatric Migraine
Migraine treatment varies widely in the pediatric emergency department (ED). Factors associated with discharge after only initial emergency treatment were examined.Methods
A retrospective chart analysis was conducted on patients 6 to 18 years old who presented to the St. Louis Children's Hospital ED between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2011, with a discharge diagnosis of migraine (n = 700 visits). Associations between patient characteristics, initial treatments, and rates of discharge after only initial treatment were examined using a generalized linear model and receiver operating characteristic curves.Results
If exclusively oral or intranasal (PO/IN) medications were given initially (n = 285), ibuprofen alone was associated with lower discharge rates compared with other PO/IN medication regimens (P < 0.05). The only other variable associated with discharge was arrival pain score (P < 0.05). When ibuprofen alone was administered, pain scores equal to or lower than 5/10 were associated with the greatest sensitivity and specificity for discharge. With administration of other PO/IN regimens, pain scores equal to or lower than 8/10 were associated with the greatest sensitivity and specificity for discharge. If intravenous (IV) medications were given initially (n = 415), ketorolac given with an antinausea medication was associated with higher discharge rates compared with independent administration of these medications (P < 0.05). Intravenous medications were associated with higher discharge rates compared with PO/IN medications (P < 0.001).Conclusions
Arrival pain score may be used to help select initial migraine treatment in the pediatric ED. Initial use of PO/IN regimens including triptans or an antiemetic and concurrent administration of IV ketorolac with an antiemetic may be associated with higher rates of discharge after initial treatment alone.