Pediatric Disseminated Lemierre Syndrome in 2 Infants: Not Too Young for an Ancient Disease

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Abstract

The Lemierre syndrome is characterized by an oropharyngeal infection, thrombosis of the internal jugular vein, and multiple septic metastases. Fusobacterium necrophorum is a common cause of it. The incidence is 0.6 to 2.3 cases per million with a mortality rate of 4% to 18%. Its fast evolution and the possibility of severe complications require a high index of suspicion for its diagnosis. We present 2 infants with Lemierre syndrome. The younger case, a 6-month-old infant, was fully recovered. In the other side, and despite an aggressive therapy, an 18-month-old infant developed cerebral palsy. We also provide a short literature review with a focus on clinical presentation and differential diagnosis in order to initiate an early and adequate therapy.

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