Non-accidental Trauma Work-up: Unusual Retinal Finding Leads to a Rare Diagnosis

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Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) deficiency is an autosomal recessive condition due to absent or decreased activity of LPL enzyme. The LPL deficiency is a rare condition that is mainly diagnosed in children, but there is no standard screening method at this time. In our report, we describe a 6-day-old male infant who was found to have hypertriglyceridemia after lipemia retinalis was diagnosed from a fundoscopic examination for nonaccidental trauma work-up. After dietary modification was done, his triglyceride levels decreased significantly, and there were no complications. When diagnosed later in life, recurrent pancreatitis can be a significant complication.

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