Sleep Quality and Associated Factors in Older Turkish Adults With Hypertension: A Pilot Study

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Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate sleep quality and to explore its associations with participant characteristics, anemia, excessive daytime sleepiness, and physical activity in older Turkish adults with hypertension. Method: This cross-sectional study included 128 adults aged 60 years or older with hypertension. Data were collected by using a personal information form, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Anemia was assessed by hemoglobin levels. Results: Eighty-one patients (63.3%) reported poor sleep quality. Anemia was present in 35.2% of the patients (defined as hemoglobin <13 g/dL for males and <12 g/dL for females). Female gender, the presence of anemia, and low levels of physical activity were associated with poor sleep quality. Conclusion/Implication: The majority of the participants had poor sleep quality. Better understanding of risk factors associated with poor sleep quality may contribute to more effective interventions to improve health and well-being.

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