Human rights conflicts experienced by nurses migrating between developed countries

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Abstract

Background:

Some developed countries have recently changed their role in the context of international recruitment, becoming donors due to socio-economical and political factors such as recessions. This is also the case in Italy, where there has been a flow of immigrant nurses out of the country that has been documented over the past several years. In a short time, it has become a donor country to other developed European countries, such as the United Kingdom.

Aims:

To advance knowledge in the context of human rights conflicts and ethical implications of the decision-making process of nurses who migrate between developed countries, such as from Italy to the United Kingdom, during times of recession.

Research design:

A case study based on the descriptive phenomenological approach was undertaken in 2014.

Participants and research context:

A total of 26 Italian newly graduated nurses finding a job in the United Kingdom were interviewed via Skype and telephone.

Ethical considerations:

The Internal Review Board of the University approved the project.

Findings:

In accordance with the descriptive phenomenological approach undertaken, three main themes emerged: (1) escaping from the feeling of being refused/rejected in order to be desired, (2) perceiving themselves respected, as a person and as a nurse, in a growth project and (3) returning if the country changes its strategy regarding nurses.

Discussion:

Ethical implications in the context of human rights, such as autonomy of the decision, social justice and reciprocal obligation, non-maleficence and double effect, have been discussed.

Conclusion:

The call for investing in nurses and nurses’ care in developed countries facing recession is urgent. Investing in nurses means respecting individuals and citizens who are at risk of developing health problems during the recession.

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