Bacterial Bioburden Decrease in Orthokeratology Lens Storage Cases After Forewarning: Assessment by the DNA Dot Hybridization Assay

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Abstract

Background:

The aim of this study was to measure the changes in the bacterial bioburden in orthokeratology (OK) lens storage cases using the DNA dot hybridization assay (DHA) after forewarning patients about their bacterial contamination severity.

Methods:

Thirty-one OK lens wearers were prospectively enrolled in this study. Dot hybridization assay was used for serial measurements of bacterial bioburden in OK storage cases after lenses had been soaked for approximately 6 hr. After the first assessment, the lens wearers were informed of the extent of case contamination and the possible risk of microbial keratitis (MK), and best practices for lens care and lens case hygiene were reviewed and reinforced. A second assessment by the same DHA method was performed after approximately 6 months.

Results:

Two universal bacterial probes confirmed a significant decrease in bacterial bioburden at the second assessment (P<0.01 and P<0.001). Genus-specific probes showed significant reductions in Acinetobacter and Klebsiella (P=0.02 and P=0.01), but not in Pseudomonas (P=0.42).

Conclusions:

Making OK lens wearers aware of the bacterial bioburden in their lens cases resulted in improved quality of case care and reduced bioburden. Our results suggest that a strategy of bioburden assessment with forewarning could be a useful method to decrease the incidence of OK-related MK.

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