An Exercise Counseling Intervention in Minority Adults With Heart Failure
The primary aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of an exercise counseling intervention for adults of diverse race/ethnicity with heart failure (HF) and to assess its potential for improving overall physical activity, functional capacity, and HF self-care.Design:
This study was a quasi-experimental, prospective, longitudinal cohort design.Methods:
Twenty adults were enrolled and completed the 6-minute walk and standardized instruments, followed by exercise counseling using motivational interviewing. Each received an accelerometer, hand weights, and a diary to record self-care behaviors. Participants were followed via phone for 12 weeks to collect step-counts, review symptoms, and plan the following week’s step goal.Findings:
Results indicate that this intervention was feasible for most participants and resulted in improvements in physical activity, functional capacity, and self-care behaviors.Conclusion/Clinical Relevance:
Brief exercise counseling may be an appropriate option to improve outcomes for stable patients with HF and may be tailored to fit different settings.