An Exercise Counseling Intervention in Minority Adults With Heart Failure

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Abstract

Purpose:

The primary aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of an exercise counseling intervention for adults of diverse race/ethnicity with heart failure (HF) and to assess its potential for improving overall physical activity, functional capacity, and HF self-care.

Design:

This study was a quasi-experimental, prospective, longitudinal cohort design.

Methods:

Twenty adults were enrolled and completed the 6-minute walk and standardized instruments, followed by exercise counseling using motivational interviewing. Each received an accelerometer, hand weights, and a diary to record self-care behaviors. Participants were followed via phone for 12 weeks to collect step-counts, review symptoms, and plan the following week’s step goal.

Findings:

Results indicate that this intervention was feasible for most participants and resulted in improvements in physical activity, functional capacity, and self-care behaviors.

Conclusion/Clinical Relevance:

Brief exercise counseling may be an appropriate option to improve outcomes for stable patients with HF and may be tailored to fit different settings.

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