Quantitative susceptibility mapping detects abnormalities in cartilage canals in a goat model of preclinical osteochondritis dissecans

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Abstract

Purpose

To use quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) to investigate changes in cartilage canals in the distal femur of juvenile goats after their surgical transection.

Methods

Chondronecrosis was surgically induced in the right medial femoral condyles of four 4-day-old goats. Both the operated and control knees were harvested at 2, 3, 5, and 10 weeks after the surgeries. Ex vivo MRI scans were conducted at 9.4 Tesla using TRAFF (relaxation time along a fictitious field)-weighted fast spin echo imaging and QSM to detect areas of chondronecrosis and investigate cartilage canal abnormalities. Histological sections from these same areas stained with hematoxylin and eosin and safranin O were evaluated to assess the affected tissues.

Results

Both the histological sections and the TRAFF-weighted images of the femoral condyles demonstrated focal areas of chondronecrosis, evidenced by pyknotic chondrocyte nuclei, loss of matrix staining, and altered MR image contrast. At increasing time points after surgery, progressive changes and eventual disappearance of abnormal cartilage canals were observed in areas of chondronecrosis by using QSM.

Conclusion

Abnormal cartilage canals were directly visualized in areas of surgically induced chondronecrosis. Quantitative susceptibility mapping enabled investigation of the vascular changes accompanying chondronecrosis in juvenile goats. Magn Reson Med, 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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