Use of Metabolic Parameters as Prognostic Factors During Concomitant Chemoradiotherapy for Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer

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Abstract

Objectives:

To investigate the use of metabolic parameters as early prognostic factors during concomitant chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced cervix carcinoma (LACC).

Materials and Methods:

Between February 2008 and January 2012, 34 consecutive patients treated for LACC (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics Staging System stage IB2-IVA) were included in a retrospective study. Treatment was standard of care: total dose of 45 Gy in 1.8 Gy per fraction with concurrent cisplatin followed by brachytherapy. 18F-FDG PET-CT modalities were performed before treatment and per-treatment (at 40 Gy). The analyzed parameters were: maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), SUVmax variations of the primary tumor between the 2 investigations (DSUVmax), metabolic tumor volume (MTV), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG). Survival was assessed according to early metabolic changes during chemoradiotherapy.

Results:

Median follow-up was 16 months (range, 5.3 to 32.4 mo). Median SUVmax before treatment was 13.15 (5.9 to 31) and was 5.05 (0 to 12) per-treatment. Median DSUVmax was 63.97% (0% to 100%). Median MTV before treatment was 44.16 mL (3.392 to 252.768 mL) and was 5.44 mL (0 to 69.88 mL) per-treatment. Median TLG before treatment was 249.82 mL (13.40 to 1931.10 mL) and was 20.14 mL (0 to 349.99 mL) per-treatment. At 40 Gy, SUVmax≥6, DSUVmax≤40%, MTV≥5.6 mL, and TLG≥21.6 mL were significantly associated with overall survival and progression-free survival reduction. MTV predicted progression with a sensitivity of 80% and a specificity of 87.5% and TLG with a sensitivity of 80% and a specificity of 83.3%.

Conclusions:

PET-CT imaging could be useful as an early prognostic factor during treatment for LACC. MTV and TLG seem to provide better prognostic information than SUVmax and DSUVmax.

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