Outcomes of 44 Consecutive Complete Bilateral Cleft Lip and Palate Patients Treated With Secondary Alveolar Bone Grafting and Premaxillary Osteotomy

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Objective:

To report the surgical outcomes of secondary alveolar bone grafting with premaxillary osteotomy in a single surgeon cohort of complete bilateral cleft lip and palate patients.

Design:

Retrospective review of 44 consecutive patients using hospital notes and radiographs.

Setting:

Single specialist cleft lip and palate center, UK.

Patients:

Consecutive patients with complete bilateral cleft lip and palate who were being treated with secondary alveolar bone grafting incorporating premaxillary osteotomy.

Outcome Measures:

Assessment of success of bone graft by Kindelan score; canine eruption; closure of fistulae and assessment of morbidity.

Results:

Between January 6, 2000, and August 8, 2013, 44 patients with complete BCLP underwent secondary ABG with a premaxillary osteotomy as a one-stage procedure. The mean follow-up was 7.3 years (range 1.4 to 14.6). Eighty-five percent of ABGs were successful (a Kindelan score of 1 or 2), and canine eruption was 89%. Failure of the ABG occurred in 7%. Fistulae recurrence rate was 11%, all of which were asymptomatic. No premaxillae were devitalized.

Conclusion:

Incorporating a premaxillary osteotomy into the secondary ABG surgical protocol can be a safe technique that gives excellent surgical exposure for fistula repair.

    loading  Loading Related Articles