Histological and Mathematical Analysis of the Irreversibly Electroporated Liver Tissue
Irreversible electroporation has clinically been used to treat various types of cancer. A plan on how to apply irreversible electroporation before practicing is very important to increase the ablation area and reduce the side effects. Several electrical models have been developed to predict the ablation area with applied electric energy. In this experiment, the static relationship between applied electric energy and ablated area was mathematically and experimentally investigated at 10 hours after applying irreversible electroporation. We performed the irreversible electroporation on the liver tissue of Sprague Dawley rats (male, 8 weeks, weighing 250-350 g). The ablated area was measured based on histological analysis and compared with the mathematical calculation from the electric energy, assuming that the tissue is homogeneous. The ablated area increased with the increase in applied electric energy. The numerically calculated contour lines of electric energy density overlapped well with the apoptotic area induced by the irreversible electroporation. The overlapped area clearly showed that the destructive threshold of apoptosis between electrodes is electric energy density level of 5.9 × 105 J/m3. The results of the present study suggested that the clinical results of the irreversible electroporation on a liver tissue could be predicted through mathematical calculation.