Accelerated dynamic MRI using patch regularization for implicit motion compensation

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Abstract

Purpose

To introduce a fast algorithm for motion-compensated accelerated dynamic MRI.

Methods

An efficient patch smoothness regularization scheme, which implicitly compensates for inter-frame motion, is introduced to recover dynamic MRI data from highly undersampled measurements. The regularization prior is a sum of distances between each rectangular patch in the dataset with other patches in the dataset using a saturating distance metric. Unlike current motion estimation and motion compensation (ME-MC) methods, the proposed scheme does not require reference frames or complex motion models. The proposed algorithm, which alternates between inter-patch shrinkage step and conjugate gradient algorithm, is considerably more computationally efficient than ME-MC methods. The reconstructions obtained using the proposed algorithm is compared against state-of-the-art methods.

Results

The proposed method is observed to yield reconstructions with minimal spatiotemporal blurring and motion artifacts. In comparison to the existing state-of-the-art ME-MC methods, PRICE provides comparable or even better image quality with faster reconstruction times (approximately nine times faster).

Conclusion

The presented scheme enables computationally efficient and effective motion-compensated reconstruction in a variety of applications with large inter-frame motion and contrast changes. This algorithm could be seen as an alternative over the current state-of-the-art ME-MC schemes that are computationally expensive. Magn Reson Med 77:1238–1248, 2017. © 2016 International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine

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