Impact of End-Stage Renal Disease and Acute Kidney Injury on ICU Outcomes in Patients With Sepsis
To report the characteristics and outcomes of patients with sepsis in the intensive care unit (ICU) with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and acute kidney injury (AKI) compared to patients with nonkidney injury (non-KI).Methods:
Retrospective study of all patients with sepsis admitted to the ICU of a university hospital within a 12-month time period. Data were obtained from the University Health Consortium database and a chart review of the electronic medical records.Results:
We identified 39 cases of ESRD, 106 cases of AKI, and 103 cases of non-KI. Intensive care unit mortality was 15.4% for ESRD, 30.2% for AKI, and 13.6% for non-KI (P < .01). Hospital mortality was 20.5% for ESRD, 32.1% for AKI, and 13.6% for non-KI (P < .01). Early AKI and late AKI had an ICU mortality of 24.4% versus 50% (P <.01), hospital mortality of 26.8% versus 50% (P = .03), ICU length of stay (LOS) of 3 and 6 days (P = .04), and hospital LOS of 7 and 12.5 days (P <.01), respectively.Conclusion:
Patients with sepsis having AKI have a higher mortality rate than those with ESRD and non-KI. Hospital and ICU mortality rates for patients with ESRD were similar to non-KI patients. Late AKI compared to early AKI had a higher mortality and longer LOS.