ACANTHAMOEBA ENDOPHTHALMITIS AFTER RECURRENT KERATITIS AND NODULAR SCLERITIS

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Abstract

Purpose:

To describe the clinical course of a patient with Acanthamoeba keratitis, who despite prompt treatment progressed to histopathology-confirmed Acanthamoeba retinitis and endophthalmitis.

Methods:

Case report.

Results:

A healthy 30-year-old male wearing soft contact lens was diagnosed with Acanthamoeba keratitis and treated medically and surgically over the course of 1 year with presumed resolution of the infection. Yet, his infection recurred with documented spread to sclerokeratitis, and overwhelming endophthalmitis. Concerns about extra-ocular spread prompted a therapeutic enucleation with histopathologic evidence of Acanthamoeba organisms throughout the globe.

Conclusion:

This is a case of a severe recurrent Acanthamoeba infection presenting initially as keratitis, followed by sclerokeratitis and histolopathology-confirmed endophthalmitis. This case demonstrates that despite persistent medical and surgical intervention, eradication of organisms may not be possible.

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