Potential Effects of Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs in the Prevention and Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a group of heterogeneous drugs largely known for their anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, and analgesic effects, which are met by means of the inhibition of the cyclooxygenase (COX) enzymes. Even when their use in patients with diabetes mellitus is limited due to relevant adverse events, some pharmacological and metabolic effects of NSAIDs have been further studied to be potentially beneficial in the prevention and/or treatment of diabetic subjects. Effects on endogenous glucose production, peripheral insulin resistance, pancreatic islet, and systemic inflammation and the insulin clearance have been reported. In this article, we overview the scientific literature of the last 5 years regarding the potential effects of NSAID treatment on diabetes prevention/treatment. The selected papers showed information in both humans and animal models. Furthermore, we included papers that suggest new areas for further investigation, and we discussed our own suggestions on this matter.