SURGICAL TREATMENT OF A MACULAR HOLE IN X-LINKED RETINOSCHISIS

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Abstract

Purpose:

To report a case of full-thickness macular hole in a patient with X-linked retinoschisis and the outcome after surgical repair.

Methods:

A 15-year-old boy with a history of X-linked retinoschisis presented to his ophthalmologist for routine follow-up and was found to have a Stage-3 macular hole in his left eye. His vision was 20/200. The patient underwent pars plana vitrectomy and internal limiting membrane peeling, and he received long-acting gas. Color fundus photography and spectral domain optical coherence tomography (Cirrus; Carl Zeiss Meditech Inc, Dublin, CA) recorded images at office visits, before and after surgical repair.

Results:

The initial spectral domain optical coherence tomography of the left eye showed a full-thickness macular hole of 1,370 μm in diameter as well as schisis cavities in the macula. After pars plana vitrectomy and repeat fluid–gas exchange, the hole was closed at the sixth-week follow-up visit. The patient noted a subjective decrease in the size of a central scotoma. Best-corrected visual acuity returned to the baseline of 20/80.

Conclusion:

A large full-thickness macular hole can develop in X-linked retinoschisis, and pars plana vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling may be helpful for successful surgical closure.

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