Application of Metal Implant 16-Bit Imaging: New Technique in Radiotherapy

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Abstract

Objective:

This study aimed to evaluate the computed tomography number and the variation of dose distribution based on 12-bit, 16-bit, and revised 16-bit images while the metal bars were inserted.

Methods:

The phantoms containing stainless steel, titanium alloy, and aluminum bar were scanned with computed tomography. These images were reconstructed with 12-bit and 16-bit imaging technologies. The “cupping artifacts” computed tomography value of the metal object revised by Matlab software was called the revised 16-bit image. The computed tomography values of these metal materials were analyzed. Two radiotherapy treatment plans were designed using the treatment plan system: (1) gantry was of 0° irradiation field and (2) gantry was of 90° and 270° for 2 opposed irradiation fields. The dose profile and dose–volume histogram of a structure of interest were analyzed in various images. The analysis was based on the radiotherapy plan differences between 3 different imaging techniques (12-bit imaging, 16-bit imaging, and revised 16-bit imaging technologies).

Results:

For low-density metal object (computed tomography value <3071 Hounsfield unit, HU), the radiotherapy plan results were consistent based on 3 different imaging techniques. For high-density metal object (computed tomography value >3071 HU), the difference in radiotherapy plan results was obvious. The dose of 12-bit was 15.9% higher than revised 16-bit on average for the downstream of titanium rod. For stainless steel, this number reached up to 42.7%.

Conclusion:

A 16-bit imaging technology of metal implants can distinguish the computed tomography value of different metal materials. Furthermore, the revised 16-bit imaging technology can improve the dose computational accuracy of radiotherapy plan with high-density metal implants.

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