Factor associated with risky sexual behaviors among the French general population

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Abstract

Background

Despite prevention programs, a rising incidence of sexually transmitted infections is currently reported in France.

Aims

Research factors associated with risky sexual behaviors (RSBs) among the French population.

Methods

Subjects aged 15-54 years from the French national survey ‘Baromètre santé 2010’ were included (n = 16 598). RSB was defined as having multiple partners or failure to use condom at first intercourse with a new partner over past 12 months. Factors associated were identified using one logistic regression by gender.

Results

The overall RSB prevalence was 9.5%, being higher among men (P < 0.001). Factors associated with RSB for both genders were young age (OR = 1.5), single status (men: OR = 7.1; women: OR = 6.4), homosexual relations (men: OR = 2.0; women: OR = 3.2), low incomes (men: OR = 1.5; women: OR = 1.4), use of cannabis (men: OR = 1.4; women: OR = 3.0). Men-specific factors were history of STI (OR = 2.5) and alcohol drunkenness (OR = 2.2), and women-specific factors history of suicide attempt (OR = 1.6) and history of sexual assault (OR = 1.6).

Conclusions

Confirming most of known determinants of RSB, this study also identified some specific risky patterns for whom preventive actions can be developed: multiusers of psychoactive substances, people living with low incomes, women having sex with women or presenting history of psychological vulnerability (suicide attempts, sexually harassed).

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