Consideration of Cost of Care in Pediatric Emergency Transfer—An Opportunity for Improvement

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Abstract

Background

Pediatric interhospital transfers are an economic burden to the health care, especially when deemed unnecessary. Physicians may be unaware of the cost implications of pediatric emergency transfers. A cost analysis may be relevant to reduce cost.

Objective

To characterize children transferred from outlying emergency departments (EDs) to pediatric ED (PED) with a specific focus on transfers who were discharged home in 12 hours or less after transfer without intervention in PED and analyze charges associated with them.

Methods

Charts of 352 patients (age, 0–18 years) transferred from 31 outlying EDs to PED during July 2009 to June 2010 were reviewed. Data were collected on the range, unit charge and volume of services provided in PED, length of stay, and final disposition. The average charge per patient transfer is calculated based on unit charge times total service units per 1000 patients per year and divided by 1000. Hospital charges were divided into fixed and variable.

Results

Of 352 patients transferred, 108 (30.7%) were admitted to pediatric inpatient service, 42 (11.9%) to intensive care; 36 (10.2%) went to the operating room, and 166 (47.2%) were discharged home. The average hospital charge per transfer was US $4843. Most (89%) of the charges were fixed, and 11% were variable. One hundred one (28.7%) patients were discharged home from PED in 12 hours or less without intervention. The hospital charges for these transfers were US $489,143.

Conclusions

Significant number of transfers was discharged 12 hours or less without any additional intervention in PED. Fixed charges contribute to majority of total charges. Cost saving can be achieved by preventing unnecessary transfer.

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