Socioeconomic factors’ effect on return to work after first stroke

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Excerpt

Except for being one of the most common causes of death in the world, stroke is also a leading cause of disabilities among young adults.1 Survivors have to cope with both physical and cognitive impairments that can result in difficulties with return to work (RTW) after stroke.2 Successful return can decrease the economic burden of society and enhance life satisfaction of stroke survivors by reinforcing self‐esteem and social identity.5 It is therefore important to map out the factors that hinder or favor RTW and in continuation facilitate an increased chance of RTW in different patient groups.
Previous studies have shown a socioeconomic gradient in RTW among stroke patients, where low level of income and education, is associated with a lower probability of RTW.2 There is less information on how functional status affects the relationship between socioeconomic status and RTW.9
The aim of this nationwide study was to investigate the relationship between socioeconomic status and RTW in younger stroke patients of working age. Our hypothesis was that patients with low socioeconomic status less often RTW within 1 year after stroke. We also aimed to further explore the importance of functional status on associations between socioeconomic status and RTW.

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