CLINICAL EVALUATION OF THE RAPID ACCESS VITREAL INJECTION GUIDE: A Handheld Instrument for Assisting Intravitreal Injections

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Abstract

Purpose:

The Rapid Access Vitreal Injection (RAVI) guide combines the function of an eyelid speculum and measuring caliper into a single instrument for assisting intravitreal injections. This study clinically evaluated the RAVI guide with respect to patient acceptance, complication rates, and operative goals.

Methods:

A prospective study was performed on 54 patients undergoing intravitreal injections using the RAVI guide (n = 32) or the speculum/caliper (n = 22). Device-related pain was assessed using the Wong-Baker scoring system, scaled from 0 (no pain) to 10 (agonizing pain).

Results:

Mean device-related pain score did not differ significantly between the 2 groups, with scores of 0.6 and 0.7 for the RAVI guide and speculum groups, respectively. The rate of significant pain (score of ≥2) was twice as high in the speculum group (7 of 22, 32%) compared with the RAVI guide group (5 of 32, 16%), but this difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.19, Fisher's exact test). Operative goals of avoiding needle touch to lashes/lids and guiding needle insertion to the intended site were achieved in all patients.

Conclusion:

The RAVI guide appeared equivalent to the eyelid speculum in achieving operative goals, with similarly low pain scores. It has the potential for facilitating efficient, accurate, and safe intravitreal injections.

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