To improve the performance of non-Cartesian partially parallel imaging (PPI) by exploiting artificial sparsity, the generalized autocalibrating partially parallel acquisitions (GRAPPA) operator for wider band lines (GROWL) is taken as a specific example for explanation.Theory:
This work is based on the GRAPPA-like PPI having an improved performance when the to-be-reconstructed image is sparse in the image domain.Methods:
A systematic scheme is proposed to artificially generate the sparse image for non-Cartesian trajectory. Using GROWL as a specific non-Cartesian PPI method, artificial sparsity-enhanced GROWL (ARTS-GROWL) is used to demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed scheme. The ARTS-GROWL consists of three steps: 1) generating synthetic k-space data corresponding to an image with smaller support, that is, artificial sparsity; 2) applying GROWL to the synthetic k-space data from previous step; and 3) recovering the final image from the reconstruction with the processed data.Results:
For simulation and in vivo data, the experiments demonstrate that the proposed ARTS-GROWL significantly reduces the reconstruction errors compared with the conventional GROWL technique for the tested acceleration factors.Conclusion:
Taking ARTS-GROWL, for instance, experimental results indicate that artificial sparsity improved the signal-to-noise ratio and normalized root-mean-square error of non-Cartesian PPI.