FULL-THICKNESS MACULAR HOLE COMBINED WITH PIGMENT EPITHELIAL DETACHMENT USING MULTIMODAL IMAGING

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Abstract

Purpose:

To describe two patients who showed full-thickness macular holes (FTMH) combined with pigment epithelial detachments (PED) and had contrasting outcomes to treatment.

Methods:

A retrospective report of two cases.

Results:

Case 1 was treated with intravitreal antivascular endothelial growth factor and photodynamic therapy, and the PED flattened. Subsequently, a vitrectomy was performed and the FTMH closed. Her visual acuity improved from 20/200 to 20/25. In Case 2, the same medical therapy, with less frequency compared with Case 1, did not affect the PED, and the FTMH failed to close with surgery. Later, a spontaneous collapse of the PED occurred but the FTMH was persistent with an associated poor visual acuity of 20/200.

Conclusion:

Full-thickness macular hole is rare, but can occur in association with large PEDs. Although the pathologic mechanism was uncertain, visual outcomes were dependent on response to treatments of the PED, as well as anatomical closure of the FTMH.

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