QUIESCENT HERPES SIMPLEX KERATITIS REACTIVATION AFTER INTRAVITREAL INJECTION OF DEXAMETHASONE IMPLANT

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Abstract

Purpose:

To report reactivation of herpes simplex virus keratitis after the injection of dexamethasone implant (Ozurdex) and to raise the awareness of this potentially vision threatening side effect.

Methods:

A 90-year-old man presented with ocular pain and tearing in the left eye 3 weeks after receiving a dexamethasone implant (Ozurdex) for the treatment of macular edema associated with branch retinal vein occlusion. The patient had a history of herpes simplex virus keratitis that was quiescent for more than 30 years.

Results:

Clinical examination of the left eye showed arborizing epithelial ulcer with terminal bulbs consistent with herpes simplex virus keratitis.

Conclusion:

Quiescent herpes simplex virus keratitis can be reactivated after dexamethasone implant (Ozurdex). Prophylactic antiviral therapy might be indicated in individuals who have a high risk of recurrent herpetic disease.

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