Adiabatically Prepared Spin-Lock Approach for T1ρ-Based Dynamic Glucose Enhanced MRI at Ultrahigh Fields

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Abstract

Purpose:

Chemical exchange sensitive spin-lock and related techniques allow to observe the uptake of administered D-glucose in vivo. The exchange-weighting increases with the magnetic field strength, but inhomogeneities in the radiofrequency (RF) field at ultrahigh field whole-body scanners lead to artifacts in conventional spin-lock experiments. Thus, our aim was the development of an adiabatically prepared T1ρ-based imaging sequence applicable to studies of glucose metabolism in tumor patients at ultrahigh field strengths.

Methods:

An adiabatically prepared on-resonant spin-lock approach was realized at a 7 Tesla whole-body scanner and compared with conventional spin-lock. The insensitivity to RF field inhomogeneities as well as the chemical exchange sensitivity of the approach was investigated in simulations, model solutions and in the human brain.

Results:

The suggested spin-lock approach was shown to be feasible for in vivo application at ultrahigh field whole-body scanners and showed substantially improved image quality compared with conventional spin-lock. The sensitivity of the presented method to glucose was verified in model solutions and a glucose contrast was observed in a glioblastoma patient after intravenous administration of glucose solution.

Conclusion:

An adiabatically prepared spin-lock preparation was presented that enables a homogeneous and chemical exchange sensitive T1ρ-based imaging at ultra-high field whole-body scanners, e.g., for T1ρ-based dynamic glucose enhanced MRI.

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