VIGABATRIN TOXICITY IN INFANCY IS ASSOCIATED WITH RETINAL DEFECT IN ADOLESCENCE: A Prospective Observational Study

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Abstract

Purpose:

The purpose was to determine whether vigabatrin (VGB) (Sabril)-attributed retinal toxicity defined by electroretinogram in early childhood is associated with visual system defect in adolescents after discontinuation of VGB.

Methods:

This prospective cross-sectional study included 24 children previously treated with VGB and monitored in early childhood by electroretinogram for VGB-attributed retinal defects. Ten had been diagnosed with VGB-attributed retinal defect (Group I) and 14 had no VGB-attributed retinal defect (Group II). Outcome measures were extent of monocular visual fields using Goldmann kinetic perimetry and RNFL thickness at the optic nerve head, using optical coherence tomography.

Results:

Of those able to complete testing (6 eyes Group I and 16 eyes Group II), Goldmann results revealed results of visual field loss in Group I and not in Group II. The optical coherence tomography results demonstrated attenuation of the RNFL in all 6 eyes of Group I participants and in only 1 eye of 10 Group II participants. Optical coherence tomography data were nonoverlapping between Group 1 and Group II eyes.

Conclusion:

The VGB-attributed retinal toxicity identified by means of electroretinogram in infancy was associated with visual field loss and RNFL attenuation of the retinal nerve when tested in adolescence.

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