Genotyping analysis of the factor V Nara mutation, Hong Kong mutation, and 16 single-nucleotide polymorphisms, including the R2 haplotype, and the involvement of factor V activity in patients with recurrent miscarriage

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Abstract

Recurrent miscarriage can arise from a large diversity of causes and the factors responsible have not been fully clarified. The coagulation factor V R506Q (Leiden) mutation is a well known risk factor for recurrent miscarriage, although it has not been found in Japanese populations. We examined whether the factor V Nara and Hong Kong mutations, the factor V gene (F5) 16 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), including the factor V R2 haplotype, and plasma factor V activity (FV:C) were risk factors for recurrent miscarriage. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 88 patients with a history of unexplained recurrent miscarriage and 95 fertile controls. None of the patients or controls was homozygous or heterozygous for the factor V Nara or Hong Kong mutation. In the 16 SNPs of F5, frequencies of the G/T and T/T genotypes at Ser156Ser were significantly lower in patients than in controls (OR 0.45, 95% CI 0.22–0.91, OR 0.32, 95% CI 0.14–0.72) and the allele frequency of C at Leu1288Leu was significantly higher in patients than that in controls (OR 1.66, 95% CI 1.02–2.71). The mean FV:C values were not significantly different between patients and controls. However, the prevalence of patients with a high or low FV:C (>95th or

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