Effect of Interstitial Fluid Pressure on Ultrasound Axial Strain and Axial Shear Strain Elastography

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Abstract

Ultrasound elastography is an imaging modality that has been used to diagnose tumors of the breast, thyroid, and prostate. Both axial strain elastography and axial shear strain elastography (ASSE) have shown significant potentials to differentiate between benign and malignant tumors. Elevated interstitial fluid pressure (IFP) is a characteristic of many malignant tumors and a major barrier in targeted drug delivery therapies. This parameter, however, has not received significant attention in ultrasound elastography and, in general, in most diagnostic imaging modalities yet. In this paper, we investigate the effect of an underlying IFP contrast on ultrasound axial strain and axial shear strain imaging using finite element analysis. Our results show that an underlying contrast in IFP creates a new contrast mechanism in both the axial strain and axial shear strain elastographic images. This information might be important for a better interpretation of elastographic images of tumors.

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