Integrase strand transfer inhibitor-associated diabetes mellitus: A case report

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Abstract

Integrase strand transfer inhibitors (INSTIs) have become integral antiretroviral therapy (ART) agents for treating HIV infection. We report the case of a 44-year-old male with a history of hemophilia A who developed diabetes mellitus four months after switching from abacavir, lamivudine, and efavirenz to abacavir, lamivudine, and raltegravir. Hemoglobin A1C normalized without further need for exogenous insulin after raltegravir was switched back to efavirenz. In this case report, we will review a possible mechanism for INSTI-induced hyperglycemia and/or diabetes mellitus.

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