Classification of gutter type in parallel stenting during endovascular aortic aneurysm repair

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Objective:

Gutters can be described as the loss of continuous apposition between the main body of the endograft, the chimney stent graft, and the aortic wall. Gutters have been associated with increased risk of type IA endoleaks and are considered to be the Achilles' heel of chimney endovascular aneurysm repair (ch-EVAR). However, there is no classification yet to classify and quantify gutter types after ch-EVAR.

Methods:

Different gutter types can be distinguished by their morphologic appearance in two- and three-dimensional views and reconstructed slices perpendicular to the center lumen line.

Results:

Three main categories are defined by (1) the most proximal beginning of the gutter, (2) the length of gutter alongside the endograft, and (3) its distal end. Type A gutters originate at the proximal fabric of an endograft, type B gutters originate as loss of apposition of the chimney stent graft in the branch vessel, and type C gutters start below the fabric of the endograft. To determine eventual changes of gutter size during follow-up computed tomography angiograms (CTAs), measurements may be performed with dedicated software on the follow-up CTA scan to assess the extent of gutters over the aortic circumference, ranging from 0° to 360° of freedom, together with the maximum gap between the endograft material and the aortic wall as it appears on reconstructed axial CTA scan slices.

Conclusions:

The proposed gutter classification enables a uniform nomenclature in the current ch-EVAR literature and a more accurate risk assessment of gutter-associated endoleaks. Moreover, it allows monitoring of eventual progression of gutter size during follow-up.

Clinical Relevance:

Gutters have been associated with an increased risk of type Ia endoleaks and are considered to be the Achilles' heel of chimney endovascular aneurysm repair (ch-EVAR). However, there is no classification yet to classify and quantify gutter types after ch-EVAR. The proposed gutter classification enables a uniform nomenclature in the current ch-EVAR literature, a more accurate risk assessment of gutter-associated endoleaks, and allows monitoring of eventual progression of gutter size during follow-up.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles