MZH29 is a novel potent inhibitor that overcomes drug resistance FLT3 mutations in acute myeloid leukemia
More than one-third of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) harbor aberrant mutations in Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3). Among them, the internal tandem duplication (ITD) mutation predicts poor prognosis. MZH29 is a novel FLT3 inhibitor synthesized in our laboratory that showed that cellular and kinase assays sustained inhibitory effects on wild-type and mutant FLT3, including the FLT3-ITD, FLT3-D835H/Y/V and FLT3-K663Q mutants. More importantly, MZH29 retained its potent inhibitory effect against the FLT3-ITD/F691L mutation, a drug resistance mutation against the well-known FLT3 inhibitor, AC220. MZH29 is a type II FLT3 inhibitor that tolerated the F691L mutation in molecular docking studies. Oral administration of 10 mg/kg MZH29 caused complete tumor regression and extended survival in a mouse model of AML with less toxicity. Subsequent proteomics study revealed less proteome perturbation in the MZH29-treated group than in the AC220-treated group. MZH29 demonstrates potential and potent novel FLT3 inhibitory effects for the treatment of AML.