To assess the 2-year effectiveness of intravitreal ranibizumab combined with a dietary supplement rich in docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) plus antioxidants in 62 patients with diabetic macular edema.Methods:
In a randomized single-blind controlled study, 33 subjects (42 eyes) received intravitreal ranibizumab alone and 29 (34 eyes) combined with DHA (1,050 mg/day). Monthly ranibizumab (0.5 mg) was given for the first 4 months followed by on as-needed treatment.Results:
At 24 months, the difference between groups in the decrease of central subfield macular thickness was significant in favor of the DHA supplementation group (95% confidence interval of the difference 7.20–97.656; P = 0.024), although improvement in best-corrected visual acuity measured in the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study letters did not reach statistical significance (95% confidence interval 5.4–11.2, P < 0.66). At 24 months, gains of >5 and >10 letters were significantly higher in the DHA supplementation group as compared with controls when the worse and better seeing eyes were considered but other differences at 12 months and 24 months were not found.Conclusion:
Intravitreal ranibizumab combined with DHA supplementation reduced central subfield macular thickness after 2 years of follow-up as compared with ranibizumab alone in patients with diabetic macular edema. This anatomical improvement was accompanied by a trend for an amelioration of vision.