Seborrheic Keratosis-like Lesions of the Cervix and Vagina: Report of a New Entity Possibly Related to Low-risk Human Papillomavirus Infection

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Abstract

We report a series of 7 unusual and morphologically distinct cervical or upper vaginal lesions in women aged 41 to 70 years. The lesions involved the cervix in 3 cases, the upper vagina in 2, the cervix and vagina in 1, and in 1 case the site of origin could not be determined. The lesions had a consistent morphologic appearance with a surface “plaque-like” or “stuck-on” configuration apparent in those cases where surrounding normal tissues were present. Broad coalescing solid sheets and interconnecting trabeculae of cytologically bland cells with a rather “basaloid” appearance emanated from the surface and there were scattered squamous eddies. Other features included peripheral palisading and a stroma containing hyalinized basement membrane-like material. Immunohistochemically, the lesions were diffusely positive with p63, CK5/6, and 34βE12 and focally positive with CK7, but largely negative with CK20, EMA, CEA, and BerEP4. p16 was negative or exhibited nonblock-type immunoreactivity and GATA3 was negative or weakly positive. Molecular testing detected human papillomavirus type 42 in 3 of 7 cases, with no virus detected in the remaining 4 cases. Rarely, similar cases have been reported previously as inverted transitional papilloma of the cervix or vagina, but based on the morphology and immunophenotype we do not feel these represent transitional lesions. We suggest the term seborrheic keratosis-like lesions to designate this new and rare entity, which may be associated with low-risk human papillomavirus infection. Limited follow-up in a small number of cases suggests that these lesions follow a benign clinical course.

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