Neonatal ICU System Safety: A Pilot Test for Medication Error by Using Fuzzy Grey Relational Analysis

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Abstract

This study analyzed risk factors for medication/near-miss errors in the neonatal intensive care unit by using Grey Relational Analysis based on self-incident reports from staff nurses. The ASSESS-ERR Medication System Worksheet was used. A total of 156 medication/near-miss errors were found across 5 stages of the medication use process. The order prescribing stage had the most errors. The highest systemic risk factors were critical drug information missing; environmental, staffing, and workflow problems; and lack of staff education.

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