Surgical resection of osteoid osteoma and osteoblastoma of the spine
Intraoperative radiographic guidance has traditionally been utilized in orthopedic surgery through 2-D navigation with the C-arm and recently with 3-D navigation with the O-arm. The aim of this study was to describe the outcome of surgical treatment of spinal osteoblastoma and osteoid osteoma with the utilization of the O-arm and conventional C-arm guidance. This is a retrospective cohort study of patients with spinal osteoid osteoma and or osteoblastoma who were treated at our institution between 2002 and 2011. Seventeen patients were examined in this study including seven with spinal osteoblastoma and 10 with spinal osteoid osteoma. The mean age of the patients at surgery was 11.5±3.9 years. The O-arm was used in seven patients and the C-arm in 10 patients. The C-arm failed to identify the tumor in one case and needed transport to perform a computed tomographic-scan. The length of surgery was shorter when the O-arm was used, especially in the osteoblastoma group. Thirteen patients were pain free at the last follow-up visit and two patients developed recurrence. Radiographs at the last follow-up did not show signs of vertebral instability following tumor resection. Safe and effective localization of spine tumors and confirmation of tumor removal during surgery was achieved by intraoperative radiographic guidance specifically with the O-arm 3-D navigation system. Level of Evidence: III.