Timing of unplanned admission following daycare laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Outpatient laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the treatment of choice for symptomatic biliary colic. There is controversy regarding the optimal candidate, and postoperative observation time for patients receiving daycare laparoscopic cholecystectomy.METHODS
A retrospective, multi-centred, case-control chart review was performed from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2011 on consecutive patients undergoing planned laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Patient demographics, surgical details, and postoperative details were analyzed.RESULTS
1256 daycare laparoscopic cholecystectomies were performed. One-hundred and twenty-one (9.6%) required unplanned admission the day of surgery. Forty (3.2%) were re-admitted within one month of surgery. The median time from surgical procedure to unplanned day of surgery admission was 218 min ± 143. The unplanned admission patients were older (54.6 vs 45.1, p < 0.005), and had ASA scores 3 or higher (24% vs 3%, p < 0.005). Comorbid conditions associated with unplanned admissions included hypertension, cardiac conditions, and chronic pain.CONCLUSIONS
The majority of patients can be successfully managed with daycare laparoscopic cholecystectomy. A median time of 4 h is sufficient for postoperative observation. Risk factors for unplanned admission include age, ASA, hypertension, diabetes, and chronic pain.