Epididymis-like Tubules in Adult Renal Hypodysplasia: Immunohistochemical Features Indicate a Mesonephric Origin

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Abstract

We report the presence of epididymis-like tubules in unilateral renal hypodysplasia in 3 adult men. Microscopy showed dilated tubules lined by ciliated columnar epithelium and smaller basal cells, morphologically resembling epididymal tubules. Small tubules lined by cuboidal epithelium were also present in all cases, with glomeruli in 2 cases. The epididymis-like tubules expressed CD10, CK7, PAX8, and AR in the luminal epithelium, while the basal cells were positive for p63, CK7, and focally for CD10. The smooth muscle bundles around the epididymis-like tubules were focally AR and WT1 (cytoplasmic) positive. The epididymis-like tubules were negative for ER, PR, and WT1. CK7 and PAX8 stained all the collecting ducts, with AR staining some. Bowman’s capsule, parietal and visceral epithelial cells expressed CD10; WT1 stained the visceral and parietal epithelial cells. Glomerular parietal cells expressed PAX8 and focally, CK7. Proximal tubules were positive for CD10 (luminal membranous and weak cytoplasmic). Distal tubules expressed CK7, PAX8 and AR. An occasional small tubule was ER positive. Scattered stromal cells expressed ER, PR, and AR. The urothelium of the renal pelvis/upper ureter expressed CK7 in all layers, CD10 in the superficial layers, PAX8 in the basal layers and p63 in all layers except the umbrella layer. The epididymis-like tubules replicate the pattern of the mesonephros-derived normal epididymis in expressing CK7, PAX8, CD10, and AR. This supports a mesonephric rather than metanephric origin for these tubules. The aberrant expression of some markers may be a manifestation of the dysplastic nature of the kidneys.

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